Sarah Gibson Blanding
Sarah Gibson Blanding, Vassar’s sixth president and first female president, was a spirited figure who strongly advocated the professional, political, and academic place of women in the world. Her matter-of-fact views were sometimes controversially conservative; she once said: “The Vassar post is such a challenging job. I’m no feminist, but I’ve always had faith in the capacity of women to do more important things. If I’d turned it down, I’d have been unfair to my sex.”
Blanding was born on a farm in Kentucky in 1898. She attended the New Haven Normal School of Gymnastics, where she graduated in 1919. That same year, Blanding was hired as a physical education instructor by the University of Kentucky, where she simultaneously began her undergraduate work in the A.B. program. Upon graduation in 1923, Blanding was appointed the university’s acting dean of women, becoming the youngest dean in the country, at age twenty-four. Blanding obtained her master’s degree in political science at Columbia University in 1926, and pursued graduate studies at the London School of Economics under Harold Laski. In 1929, she was appointed dean of women and professor of political science at the University of Kentucky. She served in these positions until 1941, when she was selected as the first dean of Cornell University’s College of Home Economics.
Blanding became the president of Vassar in 1946. One member of the Board of Trustees explained that they selected her because she impressed them as a “great personality.” Indeed, Blanding was always known for her outspoken character; at Cornell she was praised for being an effectively aggressive administrator. Blanding herself credited her independent and charged personality to her upbringing on a farm and to the running of her own tobacco farm in Kentucky for many years.
During her tenure at Vassar, Blanding instituted several important changes. In 1949, she helped establish the Mary Conover Mellon Foundation for the Advancement of Education, a research program that studied and promoted the psychological welfare of college students. An evaluation of Vassar was conducted under Blanding’s leadership in the form of a two-year assessment, which reviewed everything from living conditions to academic objectives. A new curriculum that emphasized independent study was put into place as a result. Blanding encouraged the advancement of faculty members at Vassar on a merit system, not years served, and increased faculty salaries by 116%. She also instituted the house fellow system, where faculties lived in dormitories alongside students. Blanding raised $25 million dollars for Vassar in nine years, tripling its investment portfolio. Three new buildings (Ferry House, Chicago, and Noyes House) were erected, and three major reconstructions of older buildings took place during her presidency.
Sarah Blanding served on many boards and commissions, often as the only woman. Her positions: consultant to the U.S. Secretary of War as member of the Joint Army and Navy Committee on Welfare and Recreation (1943-1946); member of the President’s Commission on Higher Education under President Truman; and member of the Public Advisory Board of the Economic Cooperation Administration. Blanding had a prominent public presence. In the 1950’s, she spoke out to protect the rights of several faculty members against allegations made by Senator Joseph McCarthy. Blanding received international attention on another occasion. Many students found an impromptu speech at a required convocation in April 1962, reproaching premarital sex, alcohol, and “vulgar conduct” among Vassar students, out of step with their own mores.
Upon her retirement as Vassar president in 1964, the college presented Blanding with a tractor “evoking both the practical effects of her tenure and her Kentucky childhood”. Blanding died in 1985. She had been a lifelong advocate of academic freedom and independent thinking for her students. “I like people,” Blanding once said. “I like all kinds of people. I get along well with them because I trust them. I make it plain to everyone on my staff that I want them to stand up and fight for their own ideas. If they have better arguments, they win.”
Daniels, Elizabeth Adams. “Sarah Gibson Blanding” American National Biography. 1999 ed.
“Everybody’s Weekly.” The Philadelphia Enquirer. 7 April 1946.
“Sarah Gibson Blanding Obituary.” New York Times. 4 March 1985.
“Vassar Saddened by Death of Sarah Gibson Blanding.” Vassar Views. No. 80 March 1985: 1
“Vassar College and its Eight Presidents, 1861-1986: An exhibition prepared to honor Frances D. Fergusson on the occasion of her inauguration as the ninth president of Vassar College.” October 11, 1986.